Last week, we stumbled over a reference that will dominate the next chapter. Paul recalls God saying:
Therefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. So I swore in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.
What Paul has introduced here is a term that will be developed thoroughly in chapter 4. The Greek word is katapausis, and is translated as
rest. It is derived from a verb literally meaning
to settle down or
to colonize. The chapter went on and ended this way:
While it is said, Today if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
What is he talking about here? Well, let me interrupt to provide a little context. First, we have to go back to the book of Numbers and an event that occurred at a place I like to call